Four Ministries Require to Incline Government Revenue Towards Public Transportation
The national conference of “Preferential Development of Urban Public Transportation” was held in Beijing on Dec. 2, 2006. WANG Guangtao, Minister of Construction, pointed out the current situation that the construction of urban public transportation severely lagged behind in China was not fundamentally improved and the dissatisfaction rate of citizens toward urban public transportation service reached 70%. He required that the local governments should take effective measures to develop urban public transportation with the first priority and increase the input on public transportation. On the conference, QIU Baoxing, Deputy Minister of Construction, enumerated the statistical figures of urban transportation in Beijing: the average speed in arterial roads was decreased by 50% compared with that in 10 years ago, and the heavy traffic jam happened in the 60% of 183 main crossings in the urban area. He suggested that the local governments should establish the long-term stable fund to facilitate the development of urban public transportation, and use a certain part of the land transfer fee as complement to it.
The Ministry of Construction, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Labor and Social Security jointly issued the Opinion Concerning Several Economic Policies for Preferential Development of Urban Public Transportation recently, requiring that each local government should increase the input on urban public transportation and complete every kind of subsidy to it. The Opinion pointed out that urban public transportation was a non-profit undertaking and the main carrier of urban transportation. Among the 117 public transportation enterprises surveyed by the Ministry of Construction in 2006, 42 didn’t get the fiscal subsidy from the local governments, accounting for 36% of the total.
In addition, the Ministry of Construction distributed a notice, granting the honorable title of “Model City in Preferential Development of Urban Public Transportation” to 11 cities of Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Shenzhen, Shenyang, Jinan, Hefei, Hangzhou, Zhengzhou, Guiyang, and Changzhou.