Keqiang LI: To Steadily Promote Human-Oriented New Urbanization
At a work forum held recently, Premier Keqiang LI pointed out that, as China is, at this historical stage, faced with regional difference and unbalanced development, to promote new urbanization should be based on three principles - “tailored measures according to local conditions,” “classified implementation,” and “pilot first.” The Chinese state has specified 62 pilot regions for the Comprehensive New Urbanization Trial Scheme, consisting of regions on provincial, city, county, and town level in eastern, western, and central China. This scheme lays a special emphasis on small cities and towns. All pilot places are to formulate their own effective new urbanization mechanisms, policies, and measures through practices, centering around issues like cost sharing mechanisms for citizenization of farmer-transferred population and for diversified sustainable financing, the promotion of urban-rural integration, the development of green low-carbon industries, and so forth. He further proposed that, the “newness” of new urbanization lies in its orientation towards people, especially to tackle a population of “three hundred million.” Specific measures include: to promulgate and implement differentiated house registration policies; to explore new links between transfer payments and the citizenization of the farmer-transferred population; to attract social investment and expand financing channels for localities; to improve the carrying capability of urban infrastructure by means of equity financing, project financing, and franchising; to include migrant farmers into the urban housing and social security system; to promote the registration of around one hundred million migrant farmers as urban citizens; to innovate the investment and financing mechanisms for affording housing as well as the related land use policy, to attract more social funds, to consolidate the construction of public facilities, and to accelerate the transformation of shanty towns and urban villages, which accommodate a population of another one hundred million, through scientific planning. In addition, all localities should accelerate their infrastructure construction. The 13th Five-Year Plan has a preferential policy on central and western China, to which industries will be transferred. When condition permits, state-level industrial transfer demonstration regions will be set up. It is also encouraged that eastern industrial parks launch their branch parks in the central and western areas through joint development or trusteeship, so as to prosper the urban with industries, particularly those medium, small, and county towns in western China, to improve their population-carrying capability, to promote the urbanization of around one hundred million people in central and western China, and to gradually reduce large-scale migration.