Scheme for “One Belt and One Road” Initiatives Released
The initiatives of constructing the “Silk Road Economic Belt” and the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road” (briefed as “One Belt and One Road” in the following) were firstly put forward by President Xi Jinping during his visit to Central and Southeastern Asian countries. In order to facilitate the implementation of the “One Belt and One Road” initiatives, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Ministry of Commerce jointly released the practice scheme: “Vision and Action of Boosting the Co-construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road” (briefed as “Vision and Action” in the following). According to the “Vision and Action,” the Silk Road Economic Belt will connect China with Europe (Baltic Sea) via Central Asia and Russia, with the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea via Central and Western Asia, and with Southeastern and Southern Asia and the Indian Ocean. And the 21st Maritime Silk Road goes through the coastal ports of China to the Indian Ocean via South Sea, then extends to Europe; and through the coastal ports of China to South Sea and South Pacific Asia. Following the extending direction of the “One Belt and One Road,” the international economic cooperation corridors including the New Asia-Europe Mainland Bridge, China-Mongolia-Russia, China-Central Asia-West Asia, and China-Central Southern Peninsula, will be built up on land under the support of major international channels, the central cities along the belt and road, and the cooperative platform of the key trade industrial parks; while at sea, the key ports will be used as nodes to co-construct a smooth, safe, and high-efficiency transportation channel. Considering that the two existing economic corridors of China-Pakistan and BCIM are closely connected to the construction of “One Belt and One Road,” it is necessary to boost further cooperation and achieve more progresses.