Central Urban Work Conference Held in Beijing
The Central Urban Work Conference was held from Dec. 20 to 21, 2015 in Beijing. It was the second time that China had held the conference in 37 years. President Xi Jinping delivered a speech at the meeting, in which he analyzed current conditions of urban development and clarified the guiding thoughts, general principle, and key tasks for urban works. The meeting pointed out that China’s urban development has come into a new era. Since the reform and opening-up, China has experienced an urbanization process that is amongst the largest scale and at the highest speed in history. The urban development of the country is magnificent and the achievements accomplished have amazed the world. We should understand deeply the important role of cities in the national socio-economic development and the people’s livelihood.
The meeting stressed that at present and for a period of time in the future, the guiding thoughts for China’s urban works would be: sticking to the development concepts of being innovative, balanced, green, open, and sharing; following the principles of being human-oriented, stimulating scientific development, facilitating reform and innovation, and implementing legitimate governance; transiting the urban development mode; improving the governance system; promoting governance capacity; putting more efforts into solving prominent problems such as “city disease”; constantly upgrading the urban environment, people’s living quality, and cities’ competitive capacities; constructing modern cities that are harmonious and livable, energetic, and with diversified characteristics; creating an urban development path with distinctive Chinese Characteristics. Moreover, the meeting highlighted that urban work is a systematic project. First of all, the development rule must be respected. Secondly, the three primary structures including space, scale, and industry should be integrally coordinated. Thirdly, the three main links of planning, construction, and administration should be coordinated to promote the systematic operation of the urban work. Fourthly, the three key driving forces, i.e., reform, science and technology, and culture should be coordinated so as to promote sustainability. Fifthly, the three primary layouts including production, living, and ecology should be balanced to promote livability. Sixthly, the three main bodies including government, society, and citizens should be coordinated, so that various parties can actively contribute to the urban development.