MNR Initiates Spatial Planning Works
In order to implement the Several Opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on Establishing a Spatial Planning System and Monitoring Related Implementation, the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) released the Notice on Comprehensively Carrying out the Work of Spatial Planning on May 28, 2019, which allocates various works concerning spatial planning, and initiates overall works related to formulation and review and approval of the spatial plan, as well as its implementation management. There are seven items of work clarified in the Notice which are as follows.
First of all, the basic work concerning plan formulation should be conducted effectively. Unified standards will be applied in the planning, and all areas should form their status quo base numbers and base map in time. Second, the double assessments should be carried out, which include the assessment on the resources environment bearing capacity and the assessment on the appropriate degree of national spatial development in all areas. Based on the assessments, the appropriate degree of various development and use modes for eco-environment, agriculture, and urbanization can be determined. Third, studies on major issues should be carried out. Efforts should be put into studying special issues that produce significant impacts to local sustainable development of various areas, and the pre-phase studies on spatial planning should also be carried out actively. Fourth, a scientific assessment on three control lines should be conducted. Considering the division of main functional areas, the conditions of existing important control lines such as the ecological protection red line, the permanent fundamental farmland, the urban development boundary should be assessed. Fifth, the connection between the national economic development plans that are under formulation in different areas and the five-year plan of economic and social development should be strengthened, and the goals and indexes for economic, social, and industrial development should be realized, so as to provide spatial guarantee for the implementation of the national development plan. Sixth, emphasis should be laid upon formulating “multi-plan integrated” practical village planning. The rural revitalization strategy should be implemented, the village layout should be optimized, and applicable integrated village planning should be compiled. Seventh, an information system for inspection on implementation of “one map” spatial planning should be established simultaneously. On the basis of the territorial space fundamental information platform, various data related to the space should be integrated to construct an information system for inspection on implementation of the “one map” spatial planning extending from the state to municipal and county levels, so as to form a spatial planning based on “one map” that covers the whole country, updates dynamically, and is authoritative and unified.
Later, in order to further push forward related work, during Jun. 20 – 21, 2019, the MNR held the meeting on work of “multi-plan integration” spatial planning in Xiamen. In terms of the key work and important issues concerning spatial planning, the meeting allocated related work from the following 15 perspectives: coordinating the relationship between spatial development and protection pattern and “multi-plan integration”; coordinating and scientifically defining the three control lines that include the ecological protection red line, the permanent fundamental farmland protection red line, and the urban development boundary; scientifically defining the development boundary on the basis of the assessment of resources environment bearing capacity and territorial spatial development appropriate degree; scientifically dividing the protected areas with national parks as the main body, to which differentiated management and control should be applied and their relationship with the three control lines should be well handled; studying how to fulfill important people’s livelihood pursuit concerning safety, convenience, and health through urban spatial planning; reflecting the urban space grade through ecological functions like rational distribution of woods, ventilation corridors, establishing harmonious relationship with the nature, enhancing visual balance, and promoting artistic sense of cities; showcasing the contrast between the prosperity of “city” and the serenity of “towns” through measures like buildings height control in the urbanization process; compiling village planning based on the core requirements of following the natural geographic texture, fulfilling farmers’ rational needs, and guaranteeing zero reduction of farmland; rationally managing the relationship between expansive planning, restructuring planning, and adjustment planning; addressing problems in urban renewal through measures like precisely grasping demands, scientific planning, and exploring market means; thoroughly pushing forward the work on spatial planning at municipal and county levels with the outline of spatial planning of the whole country as the precondition; through controlling key indexes and “releasing approval according jurisdictions,” the planning review and approval procedure should be simplified and related efficiency should be promoted to a considerable extent; establishing an experts’ consultation mechanism and laying emphasis on bringing the roles of experts, associations, and institutions into full play through confrontation of different point of views; rationally setting up the new standard system for spatial planning; and accelerating the construction of a platform of basic territorial space information to realize one base map for all plans.