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From Ancient Silk Road to Contemporary Belt and Road: Different Cognition on Transportation Corridor Driven Regional Development
Zhang Chun, Dong Xiaojing, Tseng Chin-Yin
Abstract As an important connection between the West and the East, the Silk Road has greatly promoted the cooperation between countries and regions. Transportation infrastructure plays a key role in the economic development and cultural exchanges, which has promoted the development of regions and cities along the Silk Road. Based on previous literature, combining the comparative advantage theory in economics with the transportation corridor and regional development theory, this paper divides the evolution of the Silk Road into three historical periods, and explores the economic motives for the development from the ancient Silk Road to the contemporary Belt and Road, as well as the impacts of transportation construction on the regional and urban development along the Belt and Road. The paper concludes that transportation infrastructure has a positive impact on the development of regions along the Belt and Road, which also influences the rise and fall of cities along the road. The paper comprehensively applies the theory of the comparative advantage and the theory of transportation and regional development, and proposes that economical mutual benefit and integration of transportation construction and regional development will play a key role in the implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative.

Keywords the Silk Road; the Belt and Road; comparative advantage; transportation corridor; regional development

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