Study on the Modes of Chinese Overseas Industrial Cooperation Zones Along the Belt and Road
Shen Zhengping, Jian Xiaobin, Zhao Jie
China has established overseas industrial cooperation zones along the Belt and Road as a key platform for the advancement of the Belt and Road construction and international economic and trade cooperation, aiming to facilitate deep economic integration, promote mutual benefit, and achieve win-win results with countries along the Belt and Road. This paper firstly explains the definition and connotation of overseas industrial cooperation zones against the background of the Belt and Road Initiative, and then introduces the construction status of Chinese overseas industrial cooperation zones along the Belt and Road in terms of type and spatial distribution. The research conducts case studies on four types of overseas industrial cooperation zones, including agricultural industrial zones, processing industrial zones, service industrial zones, and comprehensive industrial zones. Based on the case study, it discusses the development context, planning mission, industrial function, leading enterprise, operation mode, and final comprehensive effect of Chinese overseas industrial cooperation zones. Finally, through comparing the differences with domestic experience on typical industrial cooperation zones, this paper suggests that the construction of overseas industrial cooperation zones along the Belt and Road should focus on strengthening bilateral communication between governments, further improving the cooperation mechanism, scientifically formulating industrial planning, driving construction of infrastructure facilities, and fostering and bringing in international talents.
Keywords the Belt and Road; overseas industrial cooperation zone; construction mode