A Review on The Innovation of Urban Regeneration Institutions in China: Experience from Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Shanghai
After 40 years of reform and opening-up, China’s urban construction has developed rapidly. The new urbanization path, which aims at high-quality development, has also put forward new requirements for urban planning, urban construction, and social governance. After many years of theoretical research and practical exploration, the practice and institutional construction of urban regeneration in China have entered a new stage. Several cities, represented by Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Shanghai, have established relatively complete institutional frameworks of urban regeneration. Although there are inadequacies, they have generally displayed the basic functions of standardization and guidance, which indicates that the institutional construction has entered a stage of further improvement. At the same time, many lagging cities are still in the preliminary stage of establishing basic institutions. Therefore, the experience gained and lessons learned from the practice of the leading cities are crucial to them.
On this occasion, the publication of The Innovation of Urban Regeneration Institutions in China: Experience from Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Shanghai has remarkable significance. The book is an analysis and a review of the experience and problems in these three representative cities. Different from many institutional studies in which a particular city is discussed separately, this book builds a common framework for the horizontal comparison of primary institutions between the three cities. This research method makes it more evident for readers to see how differentiated institutional systems are established in different cities according to their characteristics, which also makes it easier for the lagging cities to conduct comparison and mutual references between themselves. Based on comparing the necessary institutional frameworks, the book further analyzes different spatial control methods in the three cities, extending from the control and guidance on regeneration methods and intensity to special institutional arrangements such as public element listing, public housing, supplementary payment of land cost, and plot ratio transfer. The book sorts out a logical line for the relatively fragmented institutional policies in the past years. On this basis, it analyzes the implementation paths of urban regeneration in three cities, and traces the whole process from making a comprehensive urban regeneration plan to phased management and control, and to specific project implementation.